Why cryptocurrencies cannot be the national currency?

Cryptocurrencies have been a hot topic in recent years, gaining so much traction as a form of decentralized digital and virtual currency. Bitcoin, Ethereum, and similar other altcoins (alternate coins) have captured the imagination of investors and tech enthusiasts alike. However, the idea of using cryptocurrencies as national currencies has sparked debates and raised questions about their feasibility in the real financial world.


In this article, I will help you explore the solid reasons why cryptocurrencies may face too many challenges in becoming the national currency of any country, and it cannot be our mainstream currency.

First understand what cryptocurrencies are!

Before we know the challenges of its survival, it’s crucial to understand what cryptocurrencies are.

Unlike traditional currencies issued and regulated by governments (fiat currencies), cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized blockchain technology. A blockchain is a distributed ledger that records all transactions across a network of computers, ensuring transparency and security.

Cryptocurrencies use cryptography to secure transactions and control the creation of new units.

Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was created in 2009 by an anonymous person or group known as Satoshi Nakamoto. Since then, thousands of alternative cryptocurrencies, commonly referred to as altcoins, have been developed, most of them gone bankrupt and only a few survived.

The appeal of cryptocurrencies.

The appeal of cryptocurrencies lies in their potential to offer financial inclusion, reduce transaction costs, and provide an alternative to traditional banking systems. Additionally, the decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies is seen as a way to minimize government control and censorship.

However, the very features that make cryptocurrencies attractive also pose challenges when considering them as a national currency. Let’s see what are those challenges.

Why cryptocurrencies cannot be the national currency?

Before we come to any point, understand that cryptocurrencies are not backed by anything (fiat currency is backed by nation by Gold reserves and one cannot print as many as currency they want otherwise we have seen countries going bankrupt), and this is the biggest reason why it cannot be the national currency.

Still, there are a few reasons why it is not feasible to use it as our national currency, like:

1. Too much volatility and constant stability issues.

One of the primary concerns with cryptocurrencies is their extreme price volatility.

The value of cryptocurrencies can fluctuate significantly within short periods, making them unsuitable for everyday transactions. Imagine buying a loaf of bread today, only to find out that the same amount of cryptocurrency could purchase two loaves or only half a loaf tomorrow.

National currencies, on the other hand, strive for stability to facilitate predictable economic transactions. Central banks use monetary policies to manage inflation and stabilize the value of fiat currencies. Cryptocurrencies, lacking a central governing body, struggle to achieve the same level of stability.

2. Scalability issues.

As the popularity of cryptocurrencies grows, scalability issues become more apparent.

Blockchain networks, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, have faced challenges in handling many transactions simultaneously. Bitcoin, for instance, has a limited transaction processing capacity, leading to congestion and higher fees during peak times. For a national currency, scalability is a critical factor. A payment system must be capable of handling the vast number of transactions that occur within a country’s economy.

The current state of many blockchain networks raises doubts about their ability to scale efficiently and support the transaction volume required for a national currency.

3. Lack of regulation and consumer protection.

Traditional financial systems are governed by regulations to ensure consumer protection, prevent fraud, and maintain financial stability. Cryptocurrencies, being decentralized and largely unregulated, lack the safeguards provided by traditional financial institutions.

The absence of regulation opens the door to various risks, including fraud, scams, and market manipulation. While some argue that decentralization is a strength, it also means that there is no central authority to address issues and protect consumers. This lack of oversight raises concerns about the security and trustworthiness of cryptocurrencies as a widely accepted national currency.

4. Legal and regulatory challenges.

The legal and regulatory landscape surrounding cryptocurrencies is complex and varies widely across countries. Some nations embrace and regulate cryptocurrencies, while others impose strict restrictions or outright bans.

This lack of uniformity poses challenges for cryptocurrencies to gain acceptance as a national currency.

For a currency to be widely adopted, it must adhere to legal frameworks and regulations. The uncertain legal status of cryptocurrencies makes it difficult for them to achieve widespread acceptance in the global financial system, let alone serve as the national currency of a country.

5. Anonymity and illicit activities.

Cryptocurrencies offer a degree of anonymity that can be both a strength and a weakness.

While privacy is valued by many users, it also creates opportunities for illicit activities such as money laundering, tax evasion, and the financing of terrorism. Governments and regulatory bodies are understandably concerned about the potential misuse of cryptocurrencies for illegal purposes.

National currencies require transparency and traceability to ensure compliance with anti-money laundering (AML) and know your customer (KYC) regulations.

Cryptocurrencies, with their pseudonymous nature, face challenges in meeting these regulatory requirements, further complicating their adoption as a national currency.

6. Environmental concerns.

The environmental impact of cryptocurrency mining has become a significant point of contention.

Many cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, and the most famous ones, rely on an energy-intensive proof-of-work consensus mechanisms. The energy consumption associated with crypto mining operations has raised concerns about the sustainability of cryptocurrencies as a whole.

Countries worldwide are making efforts to transition to more sustainable energy sources and reduce their carbon footprint. Adopting a national currency that contributes to environmental concerns may not align with the broader goals of countries striving for ecological sustainability.

End note.

While cryptocurrencies offer exciting possibilities for the future of finance, they face significant hurdles in becoming the national currency of a country. Issues such as volatility, scalability, regulatory challenges, and environmental concerns need to be addressed for cryptocurrencies to gain widespread acceptance and trust. As technology continues to evolve, it will be interesting to see how these challenges are mitigated and whether cryptocurrencies can overcome the barriers to becoming a mainstream national currency.

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