Programming generally needs planning and understanding of the platform from which you will be writing your code, without these two fundamentals, you may end up with a program that is not up to par. These basics should be adhered to even more with the .NET framework; best practices in coding and development enable consistency in coding and facilitate easy refactoring and maintenance, as well as helping with avoidance of errors and exceptions.
There are various ways of developing applications using Microsoft’s .NET framework and we have compiled some tips and best practices to use on this platform. It is not a walk in the park using .Net framework; to properly understand it and effectively use it, you will need to take your time and learn it well. A few challenges quickly come to mind; the syntax or new coding language, which needs time to understand and master since it is a combination of C# and VB.NET programming languages and the other challenge is its object-oriented programming; OOP.So, here are 7 Tips for using .NET Framework effectively and successfully compiled by Itransition:
#1. Draw a Plan Before You Start Coding
.NET framework’s object-oriented programming is efficient for classifying and sorting programming code but if you do not draw guide you will easily lose your way. Get tools that can assist you in planning and organizing your coding path. Planning ahead will ensure that you are able to identify the different components for your software and prevent forgetting or refactoring of code.
#2. Security Precautions
SQL Injection and XSS (Cross Site Scripting) Injection are a major security concern for applications built on Microsoft .NET framework since attacks can easily paralyze data or web application if you do not protect your application well. Even though .NET implements and triggers its inbuilt protection measures to prevent attacks, you should take additional precautions by:
- Using SQL parameters instead of concatenating strings when building SQL queries.
- Populate any values derived from your application as SQL Parameters for proper encoding to protect from users writing their own SQL code or injecting into your queries.
- If Stored Procedures are an option within your Microsoft .NET framework application, consider using them. Stored Procedures are safer than using direct SQL code because they have this same functionality already integrated into them.
#3. Create an Error Log for Application Errors
.NET framework comes with an integrated internal logging system that allows developers to write errors to the Windows Event Viewer; together with the system admin, search for errors left by the application on the server for a trace of exact errors without reproducing in your development environment. Create a separate application log in .NET, too, so all of your application’s errors are logged to a specific error log thus separating custom software errors from other apps.
#4. Map Out The Application Database Design
Map out your database to avoid a poor design which will lead to a failed application; having the right database layout is more critical than planning code. Get third party tools to assist you in your endeavor for a well-designed database and always keep in mind the basics of database design like redundancy, normalization, and backup.
#5. Use Third Party .NET Framework Performance Analyzers
For improved performance of your application, coding or design, use third part analyzers to identify and improve the performance of your code. ReSharper is one such tool which suggests areas for improvements as you develop applications.
#6. Use Consistent Variable Naming Schemes
Unless you have defining documentation to use for naming variables, take an approach of consistent naming schemes. Apply the following basic variable naming schemes rules common with developers:
- For methods use verbs for example “GetCustomerInformation” or “SendEmail.”
- Use standard case for class property variables for example: “FirstName” or “LastName.”
- Use camelCase for method variables.
- Prefix the private variables with the _ character such as _myVariable.
#7. Separate Application Code Layers
High-quality coding requires that it is done in layers and with .Net framework, separating individual layers is recommended; to have a presentation layer, a data layer, and a business logic layer. Separate layering enables developers to easily refactor or change a layer without affecting the other layers.
The .NET framework is here to stay and does not have to be nerve-racking to use. If you apply the aforementioned tips, rest assured of success as a developer using Windows for development.